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How do we identify micro-organisms?

Just like humans, each species of micro-organism contains unique genetic material (DNA/RNA) that distinguishes it from other species. Each time the genetic code of a new micro-organism is cracked it is stored in an online database. A large number of different species is already stored in the database and that number is increasing daily.

Using our Bio-ID packages the genetic codes of micro-organisms in your sample are also cracked. By comparing the resulting codes to those stored in online database we can determine the identity of the micro-organism in your sample, as long as it has been previously identified.

This is similar to a crime scene investigation where a criminal can be identified based on DNA that is found at the crime scene, as long as a reference is available!

Micro-organisms that are present might be identified on three different levels. Where possible organisms are identified at species level (for example Escherichia coli), this is the most accurate level of identification. In certain instances it is not possible to distinguish micro-organisms at species level in which case they will be identified at genus level (for example Escherichia sp.). It is also possible that micro-organisms are found that have not previously been detected or described. These micro-organisms are labeled as 'unidentified micro-organism'.